México boasts one of the world’s most diverse cuisines, and Mexican food is one of the world’s most popular cuisines. It is the result of a collection of historic skills that are still used today, as well as a mix of pre-Hispanic native items and European elements like cinnamon, wheat, cattle, milk, cheese, and so on.
Mexican gastronomy was designated as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2010 for its routine practices, old knowledge, culinary methods, customs, and indigenous communal cultures.
Mexico is famed for its street markets, where you may find all kinds of strange and wonderful goods. Every street market has its food section, which represents regional cuisine.
Read More: Superfoods: 10 Best Most Nourishing foods
Table of Contents
Here are the top 5 most popular Mexican dishes:
Chilaquiles are a popular Mexican morning meal made with quartered maize tortillas that have been lightly fried.
The dish’s foundation is usually corn tortillas chopped into quarters and lightly fried or baked for a lighter variation. The crisp tortilla triangles are dipped in green or crimson salsa.
The mixture is cooked on low heat until the tortilla begins to soften. In certain cases, pulled chicken is added to the mix. Crema, crumbled queso fresco, chopped onion, and avocado slices are frequent garnishes. As a side dish, chilaquiles can be served with refried beans, scrambled or fried eggs, and guacamole.
Regional and family variants are prevalent, as they are with many Mexican meals. Chilaquiles are typically served during breakfast or brunch.
2. Huevos Rancheros (Ranch Eggs)
Huevos rancheros, or “ranch-style eggs,” is a breakfast dish made using eggs in the style of the customary substantial mid-morning feast served on rural Mexican farms.
Fried eggs are served on gently fried or charred corn or flour tortillas with a pico de gallo consisting of tomatoes, chile peppers, onion, and cilantro as a topping. Refried beans, Mexican-style rice, and guacamole or avocado slices are common accompaniments, with cilantro as a garnish.
Variations employing wheat flour tortillas instead of corn tortillas and pureed chili or enchilada sauce instead of tomato-chili pico de gallo have evolved as the meal has moved beyond Mexico. Cheese, sour cream, and lettuce are non-Mexican additions that have proven popular outside of the dish’s native territory.
Read More: 5 Most Expensive Foods In The World
Pozole is a typical Mexican soup or stew that comes from the Nahuatl language and means cacahuazintle, a type of grain or maize. It’s created with shredded lettuce or cabbage, chile peppers, onion, garlic, radishes, avocado, salsa, or limes, and can be seasoned and garnished with shredded lettuce or cabbage, chile peppers, onion, garlic, radishes, avocado, salsa, or limes, among other things.
Since pre-Columbian times, the stew has been popular throughout Mesoamerica, and it is presently eaten as a daily meal as well as a festive dish throughout Mexico and surrounding countries.
Pozole can be made in a variety of ways, but they all start with a base of boiled hominy in broth. The basis is usually pork, although it can also be chicken. Beans are used in vegetarian cuisine instead of meat.
Read More: 10 Food With High Calories To Gain Weight
Blanco (white), Verde (green), and Rojo (red) are the 3 main types of pozole (red). The dish without any additional green or red sauce is known as white pozole. Green pozole is a thick sauce made with green ingredients such as tomatillos, epazote, cilantro, jalapeos, and pepitas.
Instead of green sauce, red pozole is cooked with a red sauce produced from one or more chiles, such as guajillo, piquin, or ancho.
Pozole is frequently served with a wide variety of toppings. Chopped onion, shredded cabbage, sliced radish, avocado, limes, oregano, tostadas, chicharrón, and chilies are all common condiments.
Read More: 10 Best Practical Ways to Reduce Processed Foods Consumption
4. Tacos al pastor
The taco al pastor, commonly known as tacos al pastor, is a spit-grilled pork taco. The cooking process is based on the lamb shawarma brought to Mexico by Lebanese immigrants, and al pastor has a flavor palette that includes adobada, a typical Mexican marinade.
It’s a popular street snack in the United States. It is known as taco de trompo or taco de adobada in several parts of northern and coastal Mexico, such as Baja California, Mexico. Tacos árabes are a similar Puebla cuisine that combines middle eastern flavors with indigenous central Mexican components.
Pork is soaked in a mixture of dried chiles, spices, pineapple, and generally achiote paste, then gently cooked on a vertical rotisserie called a trompo (spinning top) with charcoal or gas flames, the meat is shaved off as the outside browns, and tacos are formed.
Guajillo chile, garlic, cumin, clove, bay leaf, and vinegar are all typical ingredients, with cinnamon, dried Mexican oregano, coriander, and black peppercorns appearing in many different variations.
With a large knife, thinly slice the meat from the spit into a small corn tortilla, then top with finely chopped onions, cilantro, and cubed pineapple. Optional toppings include a wedge of lemon or lime and salsa. Gringas, alambres, huaraches, tortas, burritos, and pizza all use this meat.
Read More: 10 Food With High Calories To Gain Weight
5. Machaca (Shredded Dried Beef)
Machaca is dried meat, usually seasoned beef or pork, that is rehydrated and then utilized in popular Mexican and Southwestern American cuisine. It’s also widely available at local grocery stores and supermarkets.
Slow-cooked roast beef (brisket) or shredded and fried skirt steak are often substituted in locations where the dry meat product is difficult to come by.
Machaca can be eaten in a variety of forms, including tightly curled flautas, tacos, or burritos, as well as on a dish with eggs, onions, and peppers (chiles Verdes or chiles poblanos).
Machaca is typically always served with huge flour tortillas, up to 20 inches across. Machaca with eggs, a breakfast or brunch meal popular among Chihuahua miners, is a popular breakfast or brunch dish.
The dish is well-known in northern Mexico, as well as the southern states of Arizona, California, and New Mexico, as well as Texas, where it is known as Machacado.