Turmeric is a spice that may be the most powerful nutritional supplement on the market. Turmeric has been shown in numerous high-quality research to have significant health and mental advantages. Curcumin, the principal active component, provides many of these benefits.
Continue reading to learn more about turmeric and curcumin, as well as their health benefits, according to scientists.
Table of Contents
What are the differences between turmeric and curcumin?
Turmeric is the yellowing agent in curry. It’s been used as a spice and a medicinal herb in India for thousands of years. Science has recently begun to support traditional assertions that turmeric contains chemicals that have therapeutic qualities.
Curcuminoids are the name given to these chemicals. Curcumin is the most essential of them. Turmeric’s active element is curcumin. It has potent anti-inflammatory properties and is a powerful antioxidant.
Here are the top health advantages of turmeric and curcumin, according to scientific data.
Read more on: Garlic: 10 Interesting Benefits That Are Healthy For You
1. Curcumin is an anti-inflammatory chemical found in nature
The importance of inflammation cannot be overstated. It aids in the battle against foreign invaders and aids in the restoration of bodily damage. While acute, short-term inflammation is good, it can become a problem if it becomes persistent and assaults your tissues.
Chronic low-level inflammation is now thought to play a role in a variety of health disorders and diseases, according to scientists. These are some of them: heart disease, metabolic syndrome, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and other degenerative diseases.
As a result, anything that might help fight chronic inflammation has the potential to both prevent and treat these illnesses.
Although there is probably no simple solution to the issue of inflammation, the key message of curcumin is that it is a bioactive chemical that can fight inflammation. To produce medical results, however, extremely high doses are required.
2. Curcumin has been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease
The leading cause of death worldwide is heart disease. It’s been researched for decades, and scientists have learned a lot about why it occurs. Heart disease is a complex condition that is caused by a variety of factors.
Many stages of the heart disease process may be reversed by curcumin.
Curcumin’s key benefit in terms of heart disease is that it improves the function of the endothelium, which lines the insides of your blood vessels.
Heart disease is largely caused by endothelial dysfunction. When your endothelium is unable to control blood pressure, blood clotting, and other factors, this is known as hypertension.
Curcumin may benefit heart health, according to different research. Furthermore, one study discovered that it is just as helpful as exercise in menopausal women.
Curcumin can also aid in the reduction of inflammation and oxidation, both of which can contribute to heart disease. Researchers gave 121 participants who were having coronary artery bypass surgery either a placebo or 4 grams of curcumin per day for a few days before and after surgery in one study.
In the hospital, those who took curcumin had a 65 percent lower risk of having a heart attack.
3. Turmeric has therapeutic effects due to its bioactive components
Turmeric, however, does not have a high curcumin level. By weight, it amounts to about 3%. The majority of studies on this herb use turmeric extracts, which are primarily made up of curcumin, and dosages of more than 1 gram per day are common. It would be quite difficult to achieve these levels solely through the use of turmeric as a spice.
It’s for this reason that some people prefer to take supplements. Curcumin, on the other hand, is poorly absorbed by the body. Curcumin’s bioavailability must improve to reap the full benefits of the spice.
In reality, piperine is found in the greatest curcumin supplements, making them much more effective. Curcumin is however rich in fatty acids, meaning it dissolves and breaks down into fat or oil. As a result, taking curcumin pills with a high-fat diet may be beneficial.
4. Curcumin could be beneficial in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is the least prominent type of dementia, accounting for up to 70% of all cases. While there are treatments available for some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, there is yet no cure. That is why it is critical to prevent it from happening in the first place.
Curcumin has been demonstrated to pass the blood-brain barrier, so there may be some good news on the way. Inflammation and oxidative damage are known to have a role in Alzheimer’s disease, and curcumin possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
The development of protein tangles known as amyloid plaques is also a crucial hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Curcumin has been shown in studies to aid in the removal of these plaques. Curcumin’s ability to reduce or perhaps reverse the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in people is unknown at this time, and further research is needed.
5. Curcumin can increase the amount of brain-derived neurotrophic factors in the brain
It was thought that neurons couldn’t divide and multiply after early childhood before scientists had a better grasp of them. That is no longer the case. Neurons can make new connections, and they can grow and increase in quantity in some parts of the brain.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the major drivers of this process. This gene produces a protein that helps neurons live longer. The BDNF protein is present in parts of the brain that control eating, drinking, and body weight, and it helps with memory and learning. Many common brain illnesses, including depression and Alzheimer’s disease, have been linked to low levels of BDNF protein.
Curcumin has been demonstrated to enhance levels of BDNF in the brain in animal experiments. Many brain disorders and age-related declines in brain function could be delayed or even reversed by doing so. Still, because these experiments were carried out on animals, it’s difficult to understand what the findings signify for humans.
Given its effects on BDNF levels, it may also aid boost memory and concentration.
6. Curcumin may aid in the prevention of aging and the treatment of age-related chronic disorders
Whether curcumin may indeed help against heart disease, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease, it may also aid with aging.
This indicates that curcumin could be used as an anti-aging vitamin. Given that oxidation and inflammation are thought to play a role in aging, curcumin’s effects may extend beyond disease prevention.
7. Turmeric may aid in the prevention of cancer
Cancer is a disorder in which cells grow out of control. Curcumin supplements appear to affect many different types of cancer. Curcumin has been explored as a cancer treatment herb and has been discovered to inhibit cancer learning and expansion.
It is yet to be determined whether high-dose curcumin, particularly in combination with an absorption enhancer like piperine, can help humans fight cancer.
However, there are indications that it may help to prevent cancer, particularly tumors of the digestive system like colorectal cancer. 4 grams of curcumin per day decreases the number of lesions in 44 men with colon lesions that potentially turn malignant by 40% in a 30-day study.
Turmeric, particularly its most active ingredient, curcumin, has a long list of scientifically documented health advantages, including the ability to boost heart health and protect against Alzheimer’s disease and cancer. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It may also assist with depression and arthritic problems.
Since these advantages are potential, they are currently limited due to curcumin’s low bioavailability, and more research is required.